Pedagogical approach towards seniors during ICT trainings
Thematic area: ICT (in the video there is presented particular area – traveling, but topic can vary)
Publics: Seniors (individuals 60+)
General features of the activity:
Teaching seniors ICT. This activity (see video as an example of ICT lesson for seniors produces within IO5) shows the approach of the teacher towards seniors in order to effectively teach them ICT skills and knowledge. The example presents a particular topic of traveling but can be adapted to any other area of interest. It is important to choose such a topic that is related to the daily life of seniors – skills and knowledge they learn can help them in their life). It is also effective to choose such a theme that is popular among target group – for example culture. Interested topic can “hide” a real computer lesson. Learners don’t feel they learn computer skills. In fact, they are learning how to solve everyday activities and make their life much easier, be able to follow technological development and stay active.
In order to teach seniors ICT effectively, the story associated with a particular subject accompanies the lesson.
All visual aids (presentations, pictures, videos, links...) are very welcome.
To teach seniors ICT skills and knowledge effectively, to present teaching approach towards seniors respecting possible age related difficulties (hearing, vision, memory, mobility,..), to present topics interested for seniors (topics and areas of interest which help seniors in their daily life).
The aims are also to identify and develop their real abilities and possibilities, to stimulate them to creative thinking, logical thinking and problem solving.
Main contents of the activity:
To introduce and present on-line tools/features/applications/... to help seniors plan their trips/itinerary around the city and country.
To practice work with on-line tools/features/applications/... used for planning trips and travel itinerary.
To solve the problem on the basis of previous experience and skills, to be independent.
Problem solving teaching/learning, team work/pair work, storytelling, discussion, Brainstorming, Game-based Learning
Within this example we chosen a topic of traveling but there are no limitations regarding tropics. It is very important to choose such a topic/area of interest which will help seniors make everyday activities easier.
Generally, the lesson is divided into 3 parts (timing differ based on the topic chosen and level of the target group):
Introduction/warm up/motivation – the storytelling method is well served to hide the "computer lesson" into a friendly environment in a classroom. It is not intended to scare students with technical issues, so the story of everyday life will move them to the goal. There is also a "problem" that the group will try to solve (problem teaching/learning method).
Practical training – first the trainer provides short theory and examples. Then learners are given a task to solve particular situation – in our case to plan the trip from point A to point B. They should plan the trip using Internet and presented tools. Learners will learn how to organize the travel, how to use maps and other tools to plan the trip/path/itinerary. They will learn different features of the tools – calendar, type of transportation, variety of path.
Final evaluation/fixation, summary and discussion - at the end = to summarize the story, emphasize that participants successfully managed to solve the problem by themselves, discuss with learners how they managed to solve the problem, play a Kahoot! Quiz.
/ The teacher must still listen and respond to the current situation in the classroom. A classic scenario that is time-based (from minute 0 to minute 5, etc.) is not strictly determined. The main task is to meet the defined goals. The teacher actively adjusts the time frame based on students' response. Due to the different skills, it is not possible to insist on a scenario oriented in minutes. It is a specificity of the group of seniors, which has been confirmed by the long teaching practice. There is also an additional teacher available to solve individual student needs. /
(min).60 min. up to 3hrs. (depending on topic chosen, the level of participants)
/ for this group it is important to choose a reasonable amount of time/
Assessment modalities of the training activity:
At the beginning discussion or setting up a “problem” – ask participants how they would solve particular situation. (We can use also Brainstorming in easy form...) + working in groups.
The Kahoot! quiz at the end of the lesson to validate gained knowledge and skills, to fix, repeat and summarize knowledge and skills + discussion.
Description of materials/ resources/ tools computers/laptop/tablet/smartphone, Internet connection, browsers, supportive presentation with key information/graphics/links, data projector, list of useful links/directories/websites, tools for final evaluation (Kahoot!)
+ an assistant teacher who is always available to help!