Analysis of context

Legal framework in Spain - IES Jacarandà

Provision To Raise Achievement IN Basic Skills

Provision aiming to raise achievement in basic skills is mainly offered by the education authorities. They provide an opportunity to study basic education for adults, which comprises initial education, secondary education for adults, vocational secondary education for adults (basic vocational training) and language education.

Secondary education for adults

Secondary education for adults is intended to help them obtain the Lower Compulsory Secondary Education Certificate. It also seeks to facilitate the acquisition of the basic skills that are necessary to foster their personal development and promote their social integration, continuation of their studies and their integration into the labour market or promotion. 

  • Admission requirements: Students must be over 18 and, exceptionally, over 16 if they have a work contract or they are high-performance sportspeople. In order to have access to this type of provision, a compulsory initial assessment of the student is also carried out.

  • Organisation: It is organised into three areas:

- Communication: basic aspects of the curriculum for compulsory secondary education relating to the subjects of Spanish Language and Literature and the first foreign language.

- Social: including aspects relating to Social Sciences, Geography and History, Citizenship Education and Human Rights, as well as those concerning perception in the curriculum of both Plastic and Visual Education and Music.

- Scientific-Technological: including aspects relating to Natural Sciences, Mathematics, Technology, as well as those concerning health and the environment in the curriculum of Physical Education. The guiding and counselling role is included in the actual teaching/learning process in an integrated way, as part of the teaching. 

  • Teaching methods: In most Autonomous Communities, this type of provision is organised in such a way that it can be completed in one or two academic years. In order to help adults combine their personal, family and working life with study, provision can be classroom-based, distance or partially distance. 

  • Assessment: It is considered as a continuous process. It is important that it is personalised, integrative and that it takes into account the characteristics of students.

  • Certification: Students who successfully complete secondary education for adults are awarded the Lower Compulsory Secondary Education Certificate.

Description of other actions relevant for DILABS project have been included below

Training actions and programmes included in vocational training for employment, according to target group

Training provision by employment authorities

Target group

Supply training

Training plans primarily aimed at employed workers.


Primarily employed workers.

Unemployed people may also participate.

Specific programmes aimed at people with special training needs, experiencing difficulties entering the labour market or overcoming skill barriers, or young people under 30.

Employed or unemployed people with special training needs, experiencing difficulties entering the labour market or overcoming skill barriers, informal carers with dependents, and young people under 30.

Training actions with recruitment commitment1.

Primarily unemployed people and immigrant workers in their countries of origin.

Training actions primarily aimed at the unemployed.

Primarily unemployed workers, although employed workers may also participate.

Placements in companies.

Unemployed people aged 18-25.

Other initiatives.

People who are deprived of their freedom and Army and Navy military personnel.

Work-linked training

Training and learning contract (Dual vocational training: Training activity of this contract).

Young people aged 16-25 (the age is extended to 30 until the unemployment rate drops below 15%) whose professional qualifications are not recognised by the vocational training for employment system or the education system. For detailed information on dual vocational training linked to this contract, see article National reforms related to transversal skills and employability.

Public employment and training programmes:

  • Workshop-schools and trade training centres

  • Employment workshops

Unemployed people aged 16-25 (workshop-schools and trade training centres) or 25 or over (employment workshops).

PREPARA Programme

Unemployed people who have exhausted entitlement to employment benefit and who are not receiving any other benefit.